花式撞球規則中英對照

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檔案下載:2-20160315-花式撞球規則-jack-Lin

花式撞球規則
(生效日期:2016/03/15)
(翻譯: by Jack Lin)
世界花式撞球協會規則出處:https://wpapool.com/rule-regulations/
﹝英文版編輯註解: 所使用的陽性性別為簡化文句之用並無具體指名選手或官員性別之意圖﹞

1.主辦單位之自由決定權
以下規定涉及比賽服裝要求、抗議、賽程安排等問題,以及其它非屬實際比賽規則,但必須在個別賽事中遵守的規定事項。各個不同賽事對於以下規定的應用,在某些方面或有不同:例如設定每場比賽的局數、或在9號球比賽中第一盤結束後下一盤的開球權屬誰?賽會的管理單位有權制定相關的規定,但這些規定並不具備與比賽規則同等的效力;比賽規則具有優先權。
1.ADMINISTRATIVE DISCRETION
These regulations address dress requirements, protests, scheduling issues, and other items that are not part of the actual Rules of Play but need to be regulated for the individual event. Some aspects of applying the regulations vary from tournament to tournament, such as the number of sets in a match and who breaks after the first rack at nine ball. The management of an event is entitled to enforce regulations for the event. These Regulations do not have the same force as the Rules; the Rules have priority.

2.規則的例外
各項目的實際比賽規則不得改變,除非有WPA(世界花式撞球協會)運動總監或其他WPA官方針對個別賽事所發佈的特別豁免。任何規則的改變必須以書面說明方式在賽前選手會議中提出。

2.EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULES
The actual Rules of Play may not be altered unless a specific waiver is issued by the WPA Sports Director or other WPA official for the individual event. A written explanation of any rules change should be made available at the players’ meeting.

3.比賽服裝規定
每一位參賽選手的服裝必須符合競賽的等級,並且以整潔、合宜和維持良好狀態為原則。如果選手不能確定其比賽服裝是否合於規定,應於比賽前向主辦單位洽詢其比賽服裝是否合格。賽會總監對於選手比賽服裝的合法性有最終裁量權。在特殊情況下,主辦單位可允許選手違反比賽服裝規定而參賽,例如當航空公司運丟了行李。違反比賽服裝規定可能導致選手被取消參賽資格。

如果比賽前沒有特別公告,則採用WPA的比賽服裝規定。以下是現行世界錦標賽和世界巡迴賽的比賽服裝規定。

3.DRESS CODE
Each player’s attire must always meet the level of the competition and be clean, proper and in good condition. If an athlete is unsure about the legality of his attire, the athlete should approach the tournament director before the match and ask whether the attire is legal. The tournament director has the final say with regards to the legality of attire. In exceptional circumstances, the director may permit a player to compete in violation of the dress code e.g. when airline luggage has been misplaced. A player may be disqualified for dress code violation.
If there is no announcement before the event, the WPA dress code is assumed. The following are the current requirements for World Championship and World Tour events.
3.1男士
男士可以穿著長袖襯衫搭配領尖有鈕扣的背心、或任何顏色的帶領襯衫或帶領Polo衫。襯衫或Polo衫必須紮進褲內。必須是乾淨且維持在良好狀態。不允許穿無領T恤。襯衫至少要有短袖。
長褲可以是任何顏色,但必須乾淨和維持良好狀況。即便長褲外觀是可容許的牛仔褲型式的設計,但實際上任何顏色的丹寧褲/牛仔褲都被禁止。
鞋子必須是優雅的正裝鞋來搭配衣褲。不允許穿橡皮底帆布鞋和涼鞋。可接受鞋面綴以暗色皮革或類皮革物的運動鞋,但建議事先取得賽事總監的認可。
3.1 MEN
Men may wear either a long sleeve shirt and button-down vest or a regular collared shirt or polo shirt of any color. Shirt or polo shirt must be tucked in. It must be in a good condition and clean. No T-shirts are allowed. The shirt must have at least a short sleeve.
Dress pants will be clean and in good condition and may be of any color. Denim/blue jeans of any color are forbidden even though a jeans design is allowed.
Shoes must be elegant dress shoes that fit in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed. Sports shoes with a dark top of leather or leather-like material are allowed but are subject to the tournament director’s discretion.
3.2女士
女士可以穿襯衫,優雅的上衣,洋裝,襯衫或袖子長度可以包覆肩膀的Polo衫。不允許穿無領T恤。
褲子可以是任何顏色,但必須乾淨及維持良好狀態。即便長褲外觀是可容許的牛仔褲型式的設計,但實際上任何顏色的丹寧褲/牛仔褲都被禁止。女性運動員可以穿著裙子,但裙子的長度必須超過膝蓋。
鞋子必須是優雅的正裝鞋來搭配衣褲。不允許穿著橡皮底帆布鞋和涼鞋。可接受鞋面綴以暗色皮革或類皮革物的運動鞋,但建議事先取得賽事總監的認可。
3.2 WOMEN
Women may wear a shirt, an elegant top, a dress, a blouse or a polo shirt which is covering the shoulders. T-shirts are not permitted.
Dress pants will be clean and in good condition and may be of any color. Denim/blue jeans of any color are forbidden even though a jeans design is allowed. Female athletes may wear a skirt which must cover the knees.
Shoes must be elegant dress shoes that fit in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed. Sports shoes with a dark top of leather or leather-like material are allowed but are subject to the tournament director’s discretion.

4.排球紙
排球紙可以用在8號球, 9號球與10號球等項目,14/1之比賽不允許使用排球紙。
4. Ball Rack Template
The Ball Rack Template can be used for the disciplines: 8-ball, 9-ball and 10-ball. In 14/1 it ́s not allowed to use the Ball Rack Template.
4.1排球紙的位置
球台必需在比賽開始前將記號繪製完成。 一條垂直直線必需繪製以確定排球紙的位置,這一條直線之長度必需足夠貫穿排球紙頂端與下端的洞口。
4.1 Positioning of the Ball Rack Template
The table must be marked before the tournament has started. A Vertical line must be drawn for the positioning of the Ball Rack Template. This line must be long enough to pass through the top and bottom holes on the Ball Rack Template.

4.2移除排球紙
開球後,裁判員必需盡速移除排球紙而不干擾任何其它球,如果沒有裁判員執勤而有球妨礙到排球紙之移除,則對手必須移除排球。如果沒有阻礙球,則當時的擊球者可以移除排球紙而不需對手干預。
不論是否有裁判員執法,移除排球紙只能在不超過兩顆阻礙球之情況下為之。本規則之例外情況是一個或多個球凍結並妨礙排球紙的移除,在此情況下排球紙留在原位直到不再有阻礙球妨礙排球紙的移除。
移除排球紙時,裁判員或對手可以使用排球器或巧克為阻礙球做記號。移除後的排球紙必須放置於所要求的遠離台面位置,包括顆星台邊或球回放至原位的位置。
4.2 Removing of the Ball Rack Template
After the break, the Ball Rack Template must be removed by the referee from the table as soon as possible without disturbing any of the balls. If a referee is not present and there are balls obstructing the removal of the Ball Rack Template, the opponent must be the one to remove the Ball Rack Template. If there are no obstructions, the player at the table may remove the Ball Rack Template without the opponent interfering.
With or without a referee present, the Ball Rack Template can only be removed if not more than 2 balls are an obstruction in its removal. Exception to this rule applies if 1 or more balls are frozen and obstructing the removal, in this case the Ball Rack Template stays in place until such time that the frozen balls are no longer an obstacle in the removal of the Ball Rack Template.
With the removal of the Ball Rack Template, the referee or opponent may use markers in the form of ball markers or chalk blocks which are at their disposal to mark the obstructing balls. The Ball Rack Template must be placed in its required spot away from the playing area including the rails and the balls placed back into their original position.

4.3排球紙的規格
排球紙由塑膠材料製成,厚度不可超過0.14mm並且在任何情況下不可以影響球台。排球紙不可以黏貼在球台台面上。

4.3 Specification for Ball Rack Template
Ball Rack template should be made of a plastic material, no thicker than 0.14 mm and shouldn’t affect the table in any way. Template may not be glued on the playing surface.

5.僅設置「區域」裁判員時的比賽方式
有些比賽可能僅設置「區域」裁判員,該裁判員同時要負責數個球枱的比賽,故每一球枱没有專屬的裁判員為其執法,但選手仍應遵守所有的比賽規則。在此情況下,建議以下列方式進行比賽:
由非出桿選手執行裁判員的所有職責。如果在某個特殊擊球前,欲出桿的選手認為他的對手無法做出正確判斷,他應該要求區域裁判員前來確認該次擊球是否合法。非出桿選手如果覺得他自己無法或不願對即將出桿的結果做出判斷,也可以要求裁判員前來執行判決。任何一位選手有權中止比賽,直到他對比賽的裁判員方式感到滿意。
在無臨場裁判員的比賽中,如果兩位選手產生了爭議,而區域裁判員在沒有看到爭議產生原因的情況下需要作出判決,他應該盡可能去完整瞭解所有情況,可能的方式包括詢問可靠的目擊者、查閱現場錄影、或重現發生爭議的擊球。如果一方選手宣稱對方犯規,而另一方選手聲稱沒有,且沒有明顯證據支持的情況下,區域裁判員可推定為沒有犯規。
5. Playing with an “Area” Referee
It may be that a tournament is being played with “area” referees who are each responsible for several tables and there is no referee constantly at each table. In this case, the players are still expected to observe all the rules of the game. The recommended way to conduct play in this situation is as follows.
The non-shooting player will perform all of the duties of the referee. If, prior to a particular shot, the shooting player feels that his opponent will not be able to properly judge the shot, he should ask the area referee to watch the shot. The non-shooting player may also ask for such attention if he feels that he is unable or is unwilling to rule on the shot. Either player has the power to suspend play until he is satisfied with the way the match is being refereed.
If a dispute arises between two players in an unrefereed match, and the area referee is asked to make a decision without having seen the cause of the dispute, he should be careful to understand the situation as completely as possible. This might include asking trusted witnesses, reviewing video tapes, or reenacting the shot. If the area referee is asked to determine whether a foul occurred and there is no evidence of the foul except the claim of one player while the other player claims that there was no foul, then it is assumed that no foul occurred.

6.違反運動員精神行為之處罰
比賽的規則和條款,付予裁判員和其他主辦單位的官員在處罰選手做出違反運動員精神的行為時,有相當大的裁量權。在做出此類決定時,有幾個因素應該要考慮:包括選手先前的行為、先前對選手所提出的警告、違反的行為有多嚴重,以及在賽會開始前的選手會議中提供選手的資訊。另外,賽事的等級也應該被考慮,因為高水準的選手被期望應該要更嫻熟所有的規則和條例;相對的,初學者可能較不熟悉相關的規則以及如何應用。
6. Penalizing Unsportsmanlike Conduct
The rules and regulations give the referee and other officials considerable latitude in penalizing unsportsmanlike conduct. Several factors should be considered in such decisions, including previous conduct, previous warnings, how serious the offense is, and information that the players may have been given at the Players’ Meeting at the start of the tournament. In addition, the level of competition may be considered since players at the top levels can be expected to be fully familiar with the rules and regulations, while relative beginners may be unfamiliar with how the rules are normally applied.

7.抗議判決
如果選手對於判決有疑義,他應先向裁判員提出異議。裁判員則應盡可能地證明判決的適當性。如果選手仍想進一步抗議判決,他可以再向裁判長提出異議,然後是競賽總監。在正規賽中,競賽總監的決定為最終判決。在WPA世界錦標賽中,若WPA運動總監剛好在現場,選手可以進一步向WPA運動總監訴請裁決。對於這樣的上訴要求,抗議者必須先繳交100美元保證金,如果最終判決不利於抗議者,此保證金將會被沒收。
每位選手對於裁判員已做出的判決,僅可提出一次再議的要求;如果對於同樣的問題提出第二次再議的要求,將被視為違反運動員精神的行為。
7. Protest Ruling
If a player needs a decision to be taken, the first person to be contacted is the referee. The referee will form his decision by all means that seem suitable to him. If the player wants to protest against that ruling, he may contact the head referee and after that the tournament director. In any regular tournament, the tournament director’s decision is binding and final. In the WPA World Championships, there may be a further appeal to the WPA Sports Director, if he is present. A deposit of $100 from the protestor is required for such an appeal and it will be forfeited in case of an adverse final decision.
A player is allowed to ask for a reconsideration of a factual decision by the referee only one time. If he asks for reconsideration of the same matter a second time, it will be treated as unsportsmanlike conduct.

8.裁判員守則
裁判員的職責為針對與規則相關的事項做出判決、維護比賽的公平性、判定犯規,並按照規則採取其他行動。當比賽不能公平地進行時,裁判員有權中止比賽;當判決或指定球出現爭議時,比賽也可暫停。裁判員會依照規則的規範來宣告犯規及其他特殊情形,以及依照規則的規範來回答問題,例如犯規次數。 如果規則沒有要求裁判員對該情形進行宣告時,裁判員不得對規則的應用或其他比賽的重點提出建議。他可以協助選手取得及置回架桿器。如果基於擊球的需要,裁判員或其代理人可以適當的將燈具移位。
當比賽項目有連續三次犯規罰則時,在第二次犯規發生時,裁判員應告知選手此為第二次犯規;當該選手再度回到球枱擊球前,亦須再次宣告。規則並沒有要求必須提出第一次的警告,如此做是為了避免以後產生誤解。對選手來說,如果記分板上有可見的犯規次數紀錄,就滿足了警告的要求。
8. Instructions for Referees
The referee will determine all matters of fact relating to the rules, maintain fair playing conditions, call fouls, and take other action as required by these rules. The referee will suspend play when conditions do not permit fair play. Play will also be suspended when a call or ruling is being disputed. The referee will announce fouls and other specific situations as required by the rules. He will answer questions as required by the rules on matters such as foul count. He must not give advice on the application of the rules, or other points of play on which he is not required by the rules to speak. He may assist the player by getting and replacing the mechanical bridge. If necessary for the shot, the referee or a deputy may hold the light fixture out of the way.
When a game has a three-foul rule, the referee should note to the players any second foul at the time that it occurs and also when the player who is on two fouls returns to the table. The first warning is not required by the rules but is meant to prevent later misunderstandings. If there is a scoreboard on which the foul count is visible to the players, it satisfies the warning requirement.

9.裁判員的回應能力
裁判員應回答選手所提出有關比賽一切客觀之問題,譬如:球是否在三角框範圍內、球是否在發球線後、目前比數、尚餘幾分得勝、雙方選手是否犯規以及在某種狀況下所適用的規則等。當裁判員被問及有關規則釋義時,他必須以他所了解的細節盡力說明。但即使裁判員說錯亦不能做為選手犯規的護身符。裁判員不得加入個人的主觀意見,以至影響到比賽,例如:指導選手如何擊球、是否可打某組合球、對選手分析球枱上的情況等。
9. Referee’s Responsiveness
The referee shall answer players’ inquiries regarding objective data, such as whether a ball will be in the rack, whether a ball is behind the head string, what the count is, how many points are needed for a victory, if a player or his opponent is on a foul, what rule would apply if a certain shot is made, etc. When asked for a clarification of a rule, the referee will explain the applicable rule to the best of his ability, but any misstatement by the referee will not protect a player from enforcement of the actual rules. The referee must not offer or provide any subjective opinion that would affect play, such as whether a good hit can be made on a prospective shot, whether a combination can be made, or how the table seems to be playing, etc.

10. 8號球項目補充說明
如果大、小花色球組已經確定,而選手誤擊了對手的球組並將其打進,必須在該選手下次出桿之前宣告犯規。不論是由選手或是裁判員發覺原先決定好的球組順序已顛倒,該局需立即停止,重新排球,並由原開球的選手重新開球。
10. 8-Ball Addendum
If the groups have been determined and the player mistakenly shoots at and pockets a ball of the opponent’s group, the foul must be called before he takes his next shot. Upon recognition by either player or the referee that the groups have been reversed, the rack will be halted and will be replayed with the original player executing the break shot.

11. 復原位置
在任何情況下,球的位置如果需要移動,由裁判員依其義務和責任來執行這項任務。他可能會以當下他認為最適當的任何方式,來形成自己的觀點。他可以諮詢一位或雙方選手的意見。不過,特定選手的意見並不具約束力,且其判斷可以被更改。每位涉及的選手僅有一次權利去抗議裁判員的判決,此後,裁判員得依據其裁量權來復原球或球組的位置。
11. Restoring a Position
In any case a position of balls needs to be amended it is solely the referee’s duty and responsibility to perform this task. He may form his opinion by any means he considers appropriate at the time. He may consult one or both players on that, however, the particular player’s opinion is not binding and his judgment can be amended. Each involved player has the right to dispute the referee’s judgment just once, but after that it is the referee’s discretion to restore the ball or balls.

12.比賽設備認可
在賽會或特定的比賽開始後,選手無權質疑任何由賽會籌辦單位所提供的設備之品質及合法性,除非經由裁判員或賽會總監的認可。任何抗議必須在賽前提出。
12. Acceptance of Equipment
After the tournament or a particular match has been started, the player has no right to question the quality or legality of any equipment provided by the Tournament Organizer unless supported by the referee or the tournament director; any protests must be made beforehand.

13. 清除、轉移球袋內的球
進袋的球必須符合規則8.3 -進球條文內容的規定,才能被認定為進球。雖然清除、移轉球袋內球的任務是裁判員的職責,但因管理疏失所發生的犯規,其最終責任仍須由選手自行承擔。如果裁判員無法在現場執法;例如由「區域」裁判員所管轄的比賽;選手需親自執行此一工作,且選手必須清楚、明確地向對手表達他的意圖。
13. Clearing Pockets
For the ball to be considered pocketed, it must meet all the requirements described in Rule 8.3 Ball Pocketed. Although the task of clearing pockets of balls lies within the referee’s description of duties, the ultimate responsibility for any occurrence of fouls as a result of such misadministration always rests with the shooter. If the referee is absent, for example in the case of an area referee, the shooter may perform this duty himself, providing he makes his intention clear and obvious to the opponent.

14. 暫停
除非主辦單位另行規定,在比賽局數超過9局(8號球項目)、或13局(9號球項目)的比賽中,每位選手可以請求一次5分鐘的暫停。如果比賽時間短,則沒有暫停。選手若要行使其暫停的權利,必須:(1)告知裁判員他的意圖,(2)確認裁判員知道此一事實,並在計分板上標示暫停,(3)確認裁判員在球枱上標示暫停標誌。(標準的程序是把球桿放在桌子上。)此時對手必須如正常比賽時一樣,坐在其座位上;如果對手做出比正常比賽時更多的活動及行為,將被視為己行使他的暫停時間,不再允許他提出另外的暫停請求。
在8號球項目和9號球項目中,暫停須在局與局之間的時段行使,此時比賽暫時停止。
在14.1球項目,暫停在下一盤球排定後開始行使,如果是對手決定行使他自己的暫停權,則打擊的選手可以繼續在球枱上持續出桿擊球。如果由非出桿選手行使暫停,他必須確認有裁判員在他離開球枱期間監督比賽的進行,否則他無權抗議出桿選手的任何失誤。行使暫停的選手同時應該謹記,他的行為必須符合比賽的精神,否則將以違反運動員精神行為受到處罰。如果選手受到醫療、藥物的影響,則賽會總監可以選擇調整暫停的次數。
14. Time Out
Unless specified otherwise by the tournament organizer, each player is allowed to take one time out of five minutes during matches played over 9 (for eight ball) and 13 (for nine ball and ten ball) games. If matches are shorter there is no time out. To exercise his right to a time out the player must: (1) inform the referee of his intention and, (2) make sure the referee is aware of the fact and marks it on the score sheet and, (3) make sure the referee marks the table for suspended play. (The standard procedure will be to place a cue stick on the table.) The opponent must remain seated as during normal play; should he involve himself in an action other than standard match-playing activities it will be considered exercising his time out and no further time out will be allowed.
The time out at eight ball and nine ball is taken between racks and play is suspended.
At 14.1, the time out begins between racks; and the player at the table may continue his inning should the opponent decide to take his time out. If the non-shooter takes a time out, he must make sure there is a referee to supervise the table during his absence; otherwise he has no right to protest against any misplay by the player at the table.
The player taking the time out should remember that his actions must be within the spirit of the game and if he acts otherwise, he is subject to a penalty under the Unsportsmanlike Conduct.
If a player is suffering from a medical condition, the tournament director may choose to adjust the number of time outs.

15.後續的衝球順序
如9號球這類比賽中,第一次衝球後,由誰接續衝球?賽會的管理者可能選擇不同於規則中所列出的標準模式。例如,可能會由該局獲勝者接續衝球,或者由雙方選手輪流,每人連續衝球3次。
15. Subsequent Break Shots
For deciding who will break in racks after the first, in games such as nine ball, the tournament management may choose a procedure different from the standard one listed in the Rules. For example, the winner may break or the players may alternate “serves” of three consecutive breaks.

16.9號球項目的排球
如規則2.2中規定,排球時除了1號球和9號球有固定位置外,其它目標球的位置必須隨機擺放,不得以任何特定順序排列。如果不是由裁判員排球,而且選手認為其對手故意將球以某種位置擺放,他可將此情形反應給賽會主辦人員。如果賽會主辦人員認定該選手為故意,則應給予正式警告,禁止該行為。如果已經遭到警告,但該選手還是繼續此故意行為,賽會將以違反運動員精神行為進行懲處。
16. Rack at Nine Ball
As stated in Rule 2.2, balls other than the one and nine are placed randomly in the rack and should not be set in any particular order during any rack. If the referee is not racking, and a player believes that his opponent is intentionally placing balls within the rack, he may bring this to the attention of a tournament official. If the tournament official determines that the player is intentionally positioning balls in the rack, the player will be given an official warning to refrain from doing so. Once warned, should the player continue with intentional positioning of balls in the rack, he shall be penalized for unsportsmanlike conduct.

17.衝球的要求
賽會管理者對需要大力衝球、開球的比賽,例如9號球或是10號球項目,可能會設立額外的衝球要求,限制母球擺放在發球線後的固定區域(開球區)。
17. Open Break Requirements
The tournament management may set additional requirements on the break shot on games that require an “open” break such as nine ball or ten ball. For example, it may be required to place the cue ball for the break shot within one or several restricted areas behind the head string (“break box”).

18.三顆球衝球規則The Three Point Break Rule
在衝球時,必須至少有三顆球,要麼被打進、或者是接觸到開球線,或者是兩者之綜合。舉例來說,如果有一顆球被打進,那就至少須有另外二顆目標球接觸到開球線;或者是二顆球被打進,那至少要另外有一顆目標球接觸到開球線。(接觸到開球線意味著目標球的邊緣必須超越開球線。)
(1) On the break shot, a minimum of three object balls must either be pocketed, or touch the head string line, or a combination of both. For example, if one object ball is pocketed, then at least two object balls must touch the head string line; or if two object balls are pocketed, then at least one object ball must touch the head string line. To touch the head string line means that the edge of the object ball must reach (break) the string line.
(2) 如果球員合法開球(沒有犯規)但未能達成第1項的要求,對手有權選擇接受以球台現狀接手擊球,或者是將擊球權歸還給開球者。

(2) If a player fails to meet the requirements in (1), but otherwise makes a legal break, the
incoming player has the choice to accept the tables as is, or hand the shot back to his opponent.

(3) 如果對手選擇接受以球台現狀接手擊球,那他就不可以打”Push Out”,必須合法的擊球(打檯面最小號碼的球)。
(3) In accepting the table as is, the incoming player is not permitted to play a 『push-out』, he must play a legal shot to the ball on.

(4) 如果擊球權歸還給開球者,開球者可以打”Push Out”。如果開球者打”Push Out”,對手有權選擇接手擊球,或歸還給開球者繼續出桿。
(4) If the table is handed back to the breaker, the breaker is permitted to play a push-out. If so, his opponent will then have the choice to either play the shot, or hand it back.

(5) 如果球員合法開球(沒有犯規)但未能達成第1項的要求,而且衝進了9號球,則 9號球必須在下個出桿前重新擺回腳點。
(5) If a player fails to meet the requirements of (1), but otherwise makes a legal break and pockets the 9 ball, the 9 ball is reposted before the next shot is played.
三顆球過線規則連同排球紙或是球框,必須應用在所有WPA 9號球賽事。
The three point rule must be present on all WPA ranking 9-ball events, together with tapping or ball rack.

19.開球時使母球轉向
選手在開球時可能產生失誤,卻試圖以球桿或其他方式干擾母球,使其偏離原來的路線。這種做法和其他類似的行為,違反了運動員精神,是絕對禁止的(參照規則6.16(b))。比賽中,選手除了以球桿前端之皮頭向前擊打母球外,不得故意碰觸其他任何球。對於此類犯規,由裁判員依據規則6.16「違反運動員精神原則」來判罰。

19. Deflecting Cue Ball on Opening Break
It may be that the player miscues on a break shot and tries to prevent the cue ball from following its normal path by deflecting it with his cue stick or by some other means. This practice and other similar practices are absolutely forbidden under the unsportsmanlike conduct rule, Rule 6.16(b). Players must never intentionally touch any ball in play except with a forward stroke of the cue tip on the cue ball. The penalty for such a foul will be determined by the referee according to the unsportsmanlike conduct guidelines in Rule 6.16.

20.出桿計時
在單一比賽的過程中,賽會主辦人員或比賽相關選手,可以隨時要求採用「出桿計時」,由賽會總監或其指定的主辦人員決定是否使用之。如果確定使用「出桿計時」,雙方選手將進入「計時」出桿狀態,大會將派出一位計時員為比賽計時。以下為計時方式建議:選手每次出桿有35秒時間進行擊球,在計時剩10秒時會給予警告。在每一局中,允許選手要求一次25秒的計時延長。當所有的球(包含旋轉中的球)靜止後,計時開始啟動。計時結束於選手出桿並以皮頭觸及母球,或選手在規定時間內未完成出桿。如果選手在計時用盡時未出桿,視為一般犯規。

20. Shot Clock
A shot clock may be requested at any time during a match by a tournament official or either player involved in that match. The tournament director or other appointed official decides whether to use a shot clock or not. Should a shot clock be introduced, both players will be “on the clock” and there will be an official timekeeper for the duration of the match. As a recommendation, players will have 35 seconds per shot with a warning when 10 seconds remain. Each player will be allowed one 25-second extension during each rack. The shot clock will be started when all balls come to rest, including spinning balls. The shot clock will end when the cue tip strikes the cue ball to initiate a stroke or the when player’s time expires from the shot clock. If a player runs out of time, it will be a standard foul. After the opening shot the time cap may be extended but cannot exceed the 60 seconds.

21.僅計母球犯規
如果沒有裁判員執法,可以使用「僅計母球犯規」來進行比賽。意即碰觸或移動母球以外的球,若不影響出桿的結果,就不計為犯規。除非因被碰觸或移動的球,對出桿的結果產生影響,例如有任何球(包含母球),會通過該被移動的球原本所佔據的空間。如果沒有發生上述的情形,擊球者之對手可以選擇:1.讓球停留在移動後的位置,或2.將被移動的球盡可能重置回雙方所認可的原位。
如果擊球選手未給予其對手將球置回的選擇權力,將被視為犯規,其對手獲母球自由球。
21. Cue ball fouls only
If there is no referee presiding over a match, it may be played using cue ball fouls only. That is, touching or moving any ball other than the cue ball would not be a foul unless it changes the outcome of the shot by either touching another ball or having any ball, including the cue ball, going through the area originally occupied by the moved ball. If this does not happen, then the opposing player must be given the option of either leaving the ball where it lies or replacing the ball as near as possible to its original position to the agreement of both players. If a player shoots without giving his opponent the option to replace, it will be a foul resulting in cue ball in hand for the opponent.

22.延遲開賽
選手必須於指定的時間抵達球枱,準備好進行指定的比賽。如果選手因故而延誤了指定的時間,必須在15分鐘內到達指定的球枱進行比賽,否則將輸掉該比賽。建議在5分鐘時進行第一次選手召喚廣播,10分鐘時進行第二次,14分鐘時進行最後的“1分鐘”警告。對於累犯者,可以更嚴格的要求。
22. Late Start
Players must be at the table and ready to play their assigned match at the appointed match time. If a player is late for his appointed match time, he will have fifteen minutes to report to his assigned table ready to play or he will lose the match. It is recommended to announce after five minutes a first call for the player, after ten minutes a second call and after fourteen minutes a final “one minute” warning. A stricter requirement may be used for repeat offenders.

23.外來的干擾
見規則1.9,外來的干擾。裁判員應該確保有效的防止外界干擾(例如由觀眾、或鄰桌的選手),必要時可以暫停比賽。干擾可能來自肢體上的,或是言語上的。
23. Outside Interference
See Rule 1.9, Outside Interference. The referee should ensure that interference is prevented, for example by a spectator or a player on an adjacent table, and may suspend play as needed. Interference may be physical or verbal.
24. 教練
允許選手在比賽中接受教練的建議,但不得以每次出桿為頻率進行,那將嚴重破壞比賽的節奏。裁判員和賽會管理者可以對此設定額外的限制。暫停時間可以用來取得教練的協助,但教練不得來到球枱旁指導。如果裁判員認為教練干擾或打斷了比賽,他可以直接要求教練離開比賽。

24. Coaching
It is permitted for a player to receive advice from a coach during a match. This should not be on a continuous shot-by-shot basis that changes the nature of the game. It is up to the referee and tournament management to set additional limits on this. A time out can be used to get coaching help. The coach should not approach the table. If the referee decides that the coach is interfering with or disrupting the match, he may direct the coach to stay away from the match.
25. 意外狀況的裁量權
在比賽中,可能出現規則所無法預料的意外狀況。此時,裁判員將決定如何使比賽公平地進行。例如,可能需要將該局比賽移轉到另一球枱繼續進行;在此情況下,如果有些位置無法移轉,則可能宣告該局為僵局。

25. Act of God
It may be that something unforeseen under these rules will occur during a match. In such a case, the referee will decide how to proceed in a fair manner. For example, it may be necessary to move a rack in progress to a different table, in which case a stalemate may be declared if a position cannot be transferred.

26.留在選手座
當對手在球枱上擊球時,非擊球選手應該留在大會為他設置的座位上。如果選手在比賽中需要離開比賽區域,他必須向裁判員請求並徵得同意。如果選手未取得裁判員的同意就離開比賽區域,將視為「違反運動員精神行為」。

26. Remaining in Player’s Chair
The non-shooting player should remain in his designated chair while his opponent is at the table. Should a player need to leave the playing area during matches, he must request and receive permission from the referee. Should a player leave the playing area without the permission of the referee, it will be treated like unsportsmanlike conduct.

27.難以判別之擊球
若母球幾乎同時擊中一目標球及一非目標球,而無法判定究竟先擊中何球時,此一擊球將被認定為合法擊球。

27. Split Hits
If the cue ball strikes a legal object ball and a non-legal object ball at approximately the same instant, and it cannot be determined which ball was hit first, it will be assumed that the legal target was struck first.
28.宣告凍結球
對於任何可能凍結在顆星邊的目標球,或可能與目標球凍結的母球,裁判員應該仔細檢查並宣告其狀態。在座位上的選手可以提醒裁判員此宣告的必要性。擊球的選手必須容許做此決定所需的時間;也可以由他自己提出凍結球宣告的要求。

28. Calling Frozen Balls
The referee should be careful to inspect and announce the status of any object ball that might be frozen to a cushion and the cue ball when it might be frozen to a ball. The seated player may remind the referee that such a call is necessary. The shooter must allow time for such a determination to be asked for and made, and may ask for the call himself.